Constructing scales and chords

- How do you call the notes in relation of the scale?
- Root note (the starting note of the scale or chord), minor second, major second, minor third, major third, perfect four, flat five (b5), perfect five, minor 6th, major 6th, minor 7th, and major 7th. After this sequence the same note will turn up again which is one octave higher.
- Octave: Is an interval between one musical pich and another with half or double its frequency.

- How to construct major scale?
- The major scale consist of seven notes, they are: root note, major second, major 3rd, perfect four, perfect five, major 6th and major 7th.
- For example E major consist of E (root note), F# (major 2nd) G# (major 3rd), A (perfect four), B (perfect five), C# (major 6th) and D# (major 7th).
- A good exercise would be to write down and figure out the notes of the other scales, for example A major, G major, C major, D major.
- Here is the TAB for E major scale on the E string and different strings:

- How do you construct major chord?
- A major chord consist of the root note, the major 3rd and the perfect 5.
- For example E major consist of E (root note), G# (major 3rd), B (perfect five).
- A good exercise would be to write down and figure out the notes of the other chords, for example A major, G major, C major, D major.

- How do you construct minor chord?
- A minor chord consist of the root note, the minor 3rd and the perfect 5.
- For example E minor consist of E (root note), G (minor 3rd), B (perfect five).
- A good exercise would be to write down and figure out the notes of the other chords, for example A minor, G minor, C minor, D minor.

And at last this is my teaching video on the whole topic:)